Main » 2008 » August » 19 » A new titanosaurian braincase from the Allen Formation (Campanian–Maastrichtian), Rı´o Negro Province, Patagonia, Argentina
A new titanosaurian braincase from the Allen Formation (Campanian–Maastrichtian), Rı´o Negro Province, Patagonia, Argentina
We describe a new titanosaurian braincase (MML-194), from the Upper Cretaceous (middle Campanian–lower Maastrichtian) of Río Negro Province, Argentina. Among titanosaurs, this specimen resembles Bonatitan reigi, more than any other member of the clade; the similarity is based on the supraoccipital protuberance bearing a median groove (also present in Saltasaurus and Rapetosaurus), the prominent basal tubera, the exit for the nerve VII located on the prootic crest, the occipital condyle and the foramen magnum almost of the same width. This material allows to observe some internal structures that are not appreciable in other titanosaurs, such as the pituitary cavity, the dorsum sellae and the foramen for the passage of the internal carotids, among other characters. The specimen MML-194 and Bonatitan were exhumed of same geological unit, the Allen Formation, from which have also been collected fossil eggs assignable to sauropods (megalooliths), for what is not unlikely that some of these taxa has been responsible of the laying of those eggs.